Ann M. Fraser
Associate Professor of Biology
PhD Harvard University; BSc (Hons) Acadia University, Canada
Tel: 269-337-7063; FAX: 269-337-7508
|2008-present||Associate Professor of Biology, Kalamazoo College, MI|
|2007-2010||Herbert H. and Grace A. Dow Assistant Professor of Biology, Kalamazoo College, MI|
|2003-2008||Assistant Professor of Biology, Kalamazoo College, MI|
|2001-2003||Visiting Assistant Professor, The University of the South, Sewanee, TN|
|1998-2001||Postdoctoral Research Associate, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ|
My primary research focus is on the evolutionary ecology of interactions between species, particularly insects and plants. I use chemical, behavioral, physiological and ecological approaches to elucidate factors that influence the establishment and maintenance of these interactions. I am especially interested in understanding how species-specific interactions evolve and the ecological and evolutionary consequences of specialization. It is thought that specialization may enhance rates of speciation, and thus be an important factor contributing to the origin and maintenance of biological diversity. The study system I have been using for my research involves the Australian lycaenid butterfly Jalmenus evagoras and its Iridomyrmex ant partners.
A second arm of my research program involves biodiversity studies of insects. This has included work on ants, general insect diversity, and more recently, native bees. In summer 2008 my lab began a survey of native bees in several natural areas in southwest Michigan and plan to continue this work into the future.
Grants and Awards
National Science Foundation RUI Collaborative Grant #0522178; $175849; 7/05-6/08
"Chemosensory Basis of Host Selection by Ant-associated Butterflies"
Editorial board , Annals of the Entomological Society of America (2006-present)
Selected Publications (* denotes undergraduate coauthor)
Gray, S., L. Coates, A. Fraser and P. Pierce. 2015. Developing research skills across the undergraduate curriculum. New Direction for Higher Education, 169: 85-94. DOI: 10.1002/he.20125
Morrison, W.R. III*, J. T. Waller*, A.C. Brayshaw*, D.A. Hyman*, M.R. Johnson* and A.M. Fraser. 2012. Evaluating multiple arthropod taxa as indicators of invertebrate diversity in old fields. The Great Lakes Entomologist 45: 56-68. PDF
Fass, M.F. and A.M. Fraser. 2009. Building Global Awareness through Biology, Public Health and Study Abroad: How Science Study Can Prepare Students for Study Abroad, and How Study Abroad Can Prepare Scientists for Citizenship. In: E. Brewer and K. Cunningham (eds), Integrating Study Abroad Into the Curriculum: Theory and Practice across the Disciplines. Stylus Publishing, Sterling, VA, pp. 173-189.
Martelli, M.G*., M.M. Ward* and A.M. Fraser. 2004. Ant diversity sampling on the southern Cumberland Plateau: a comparison of litter sifting and pitfall trapping. Southeastern Naturalist 3:113-126.
Fraser, A.M., W.L. Mechaber and J.G. Hildebrand. 2003. Electroantennographic and behavioral responses of the sphinx moth Manduca sexta to host plant headspace volatiles. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29:1813-1833.
Fraser, A.M., T. Tregenza, N. Wedell, M.A. Elgar and N.E. Pierce. 2002. Oviposition tests of ant preference in a myrmecophilous butterfly. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15:861-870.
Fraser, A.M., A.H. Axen and N.E. Pierce. 2001. Assessing the quality of different ant species as partners of a myrmecophilous butterfly. Oecologia 129:452-460.
Eastwood, R. and A.M. Fraser. 1999. Associations between lycaenid butterflies and ants in Australia. Australian Journal of Ecology 24: 503-537.
Fraser, A.M. and T.B. Herman. 1993. Territorial and reproductive behaviour in a sympatric species complex of the neotropical damselfly Cora Selys (Zygoptera: Polythoridae). Odonatologica 22:411-429.
Recent Conference Presentations - Oral (* denotes undergraduate coauthor)
Blazek, L.C.* and A.M. Fraser. 2009. Instinct vs learning in the initiation of a species-specific caterpillar-ant mutualism. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Indianapolis, IN, Dec. 13-16, 2009.
Fraser, A.M., A.P. Mutsaers*, B. Bullard*, J.S. Beckett* and J.E. Hofferberth. 2008. Butterfly olfactory responses to ant volatiles: potential cues for host ant recognition in the obligately ant-associated butterfly Jalmenus evagoras (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). 25th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Chemical Ecology, State College, PA, Aug. 17-22, 2008.
Hofferberth, J.E., J.S. Beckett*, J.D. Beckett* and A.M. Fraser. 2008. Synthesis and GC-EAD analysis of semiochemicals putatively used by the obligate ant-associated butterfly Jalmenus evagoras in host ant selection. 25th Annual Meeting of the International Society of Chemical Ecology, State College, PA, Aug. 17-22, 2008.
Recent Conference Presentations - Poster (* denotes undergraduate coauthor)
Arnosky, S.E.* and A.M. Fraser. 2009. Native bee diversity of Pierce Cedar Creek Institute in southwest Michigan. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Indianapolis, IN, Dec. 13-16, 2009.
Beckett, J.S.*, J.E. Hofferberth and A.M. Fraser. 2008. Synthesis of terpene derived natural products. 235th American Chemical Society National Meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 6-8, 2008.
Fraser, A.M., J.T. Waller*, W.R. Morrison III*, A.C. Brayshaw*, D.A. Hyman* and M.R. Johnson*. Evaluation of multiple arthropod taxa as indicators of ground-dwelling invertebrate biological diversity within open meadows. Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, San Diego, CA, Dec. 9-12, 2007.
Beckett, J.S.*, J.E. Hofferberth and A.M. Fraser. 2007. Concise synthesis of natural products iridodial and actinidine. 233rd American Chemical Society National Meeting, Chicago, IL, March 25-26, 2007.
Undergraduate Senior Thesis Students (Senior Individualized Projects)
2015 Abraham Bayha. “An Investigation of Potentially Aggressive Interactions between Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) and Native Bees in Nature Preserves”
2015 Anup Bhullar. “Recovery Plans for the Karner Blue Butterfly: Assessment of Habitat for Endangered Species Introduction” (co-advised with Ashley Wick, Biological Research Director, Kalamazoo Nature Center)
2015 Jared Grimmer. “Do Bees Prefer Spotted Knapweed over Other Co-flowering Plant Species?”
2015 Jack Kemper. “Assessing the impacts of European honey bee (Apis mellifera) introduction on native bees in prairie ecosystems”
2013 Conrad Liu. “HPLC Analysis of Cardenolide Induction in Asclepias syriaca Leaves and Nectar Following Application of Jasmonic Acid” (co-advised with Dr. Jennifer Furchak, Chemistry)
2013 Nicholas Smith. “Detection of Iridoids in Snapdragons and Methods to Observe Effects of Toxic Nectar on Pollination Behavior of Bumblebees”
2013 Mary Shaun Wald. “Effects of Simulated Herbivory on Cardenolide Levels in Asclepias syriaca and Consequences for Butterfly Pollinators”
2011 Melissa Bayci. “Effects of a neonicotinoid insecticide on eggs and larval stages of the green frog, Rana clamitans” (co-advised with Dr. Paul Sotherland, Biology Department)
2009 Sarah Arnosky. “Native Bee Diversity of Pierce Cedar Creek Institute in Southwest Michigan”
2009 Leah Blazek. “Instinct versus Learning in the Development of a Species-Specific Caterpillar-Ant Symbiosis”
2008 Alexander Mutsaers. “Identification of Ant Volatile Compounds Through Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy and the Stimulated Response of Jalmenus evagoras Antennae”
2007 Brett Bullard. “Investigation of the Differences in GC-FID Profiles of Genus Iridomyrmex Ant Volatiles and GC-EAD Responses of a Myrmecophilous Butterfly, Jalmenus evagoras (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)”
2007 Kathryn Drumm. “Artificial Diet Trials for the Butterfly Jalmenus evagoras (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)”
2006 Joseph Waller. “Invertebrate Diversity in Old-Field Sites in Southwest Michigan: Assessment of Indicator Taxa and Examination of Ecological Correlates of Diversity.”