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Online Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, & more

The Library subscribes to several online reference databases - Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, and other Reference works. They are available to members of the Kalamazoo College community.
These resources are not free to the general public.

Reference Databases are not Periodical Indexes - they will not tell you what articles have been published in periodicals.

* (FT) indicates Full Text subscription reference database.
      indicates databases provided to Kalamazoo College by MeL, the Michigan eLibrary, funded by a statewide resource sharing initiative

Almanacs | Biography | Catalogs | Dictionaries | Directories | Encyclopedias | Government

Image Databases | Literary Criticism | Maps | Music | Online Texts | Primary Sources | Quotations

Reference | Religious Texts | Style Guides & Handbooks | Miscellaneous


Credo Reference  over 620 online reference works and subject gateways
Gale Virtual Reference Library -   MeL Resource of over 100 different Reference works online 



InfoPlease free site



Biography and Genealogy Master Index MeL Resource
Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography
Dictionary of Literary Biography
HeritageQuest Genealogy MeL Resource
In the First Person First person interviews; some free content, other content requires subscription



KPL Catalog - Kalamazoo Public Library Catalog
MeLCat about - Combined catalog of Michigan participating libraries MeL Resource
WestCat - Western Michigan University Library Catalog [How to Get to Western's Campus]
WorldCat - Use for ILL / Union Catalog of US Libraries MeL Resource



The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language 4th ed. from, free,pronunciations in sound files.
Oxford English Dictionary
Roget's Thesaraus, 3rd edition from, free site



Gale Directory of Scholarships, Fellowships & Loans, 27th ed., 2010 - Directory to Scholarships, Fellowships, and Loans
SPIN Funding Opportunities - grants and funding resources
Ulrich's Periodicals Directory


ENCYCLOPEDIAS - online full text

21st Century Communication: A Reference Handbook (Sage Reference Online)
21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook (Sage Reference Online)

ADAM Medical Encyclopedia from the National Institutes of Health, free site
American Folk Art: A Regional Reference Ebsco Ebook Collection
Beacham's Guide to the Endangered Species of North America (Gale Virtual Reference Library)
Biology (Gale Virtual Reference Library)
Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable

Cambridge Histories Online
Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre (Oxford Digital Reference)
Countries and their Cultures (Gale Virtual Reference Library)
Credo Reference  online reference works and subject gateways
21st Century Communication: A Reference Handbook (Sage Reference Online)
21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook (Sage Reference Online)


Dictionary of Islamic Architecture  (free at
Dictionary of Scientific Biography (Gale Virtual Reference Library)


Encyclopedia of African American Education (Sage Reference Online)

Encyclopaedia Britannica
Encyclopedia of Business in Today's World (Sage Reference Online) 

Encyclopedia of Case Study Research  (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource
Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather
Encyclopedia of Communication Theory  (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia of Death and the Human Experience  (Sage Reference Online)

Encyclopedia of Earth about Free Resource from the National Council for Science and the Environment

Encyclopedia of Giftedness, Creativity, and Talent (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations (Sage Reference Online)

Encyclopedia of Health Services Research  (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia of Human Relationships (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource

Encyclopaedia of Islam Online

Encyclopedia of Journalism  (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopaedia Judaica (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource
Encyclopedia of Life project by biologist Edward O Wilson, free site

Encyclopedia of Law and Higher Education  (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia of Medical Decision Making (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia Mythica mythology, folklore, and religion - free site

Encyclopedia of Perception  (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Gale Virtual Reference Library)  MeL Resource
Encyclopedia of Popular Music, 4th edition (Oxford Digital Reference Shelf)
Encyclopedia of Population (Gale Virtual Reference Library)  MeL Resource
Encyclopedia of Play in Today's Society (Sage Reference Online)

Encyclopedia of Race and Crime (Sage Reference Online)
Encyclopedia of Religion (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource
Encyclopedia of Small Business (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource
Encyclopedia of Social Work, Twentieth edition (Oxford Digital Reference)

Encyclopedia of the History of American Management (Oxford Digital Reference)
Encyclopedia of Time: Science, Philosophy, Theology, & Culture (Sage Reference Online )
Encyclopedia of Urban Studies  (Sage Reference Online)

Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine (Gale Virtual Reference Library)  MeL Resource
Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer (Gale Virtual Reference Library)  MeL Resource
Gale Encyclopedia of Genetic Disorders (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine (Gale Virtual Reference Library)  MeL Resource
Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource
Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource
Gale Virtual Reference Library  MeL resource - all titles, over 100 Reference sources

Grove Dictionary of Art
Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law Ebsco Ebook Collection
International Encyclopedia of Dance (Oxford Digital Reference)
International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 2nd ed.

New Grove Dictionary of Jazz
New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
New Grove Dictionary of Opera
New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors

Oxford Art Online includes the Grove Dictionary of Art
Oxford Companion to Classical Literature
Oxford Companion to Western Art
Oxford Companion to World Exploration (Oxford Digital Reference)
Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages
Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome
Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2nd ed.) 
Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English
Oxford Music Online
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences  (Sage Reference Online) 

Sage Reference Online

Salem History Online

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Free full text encyclopedia
St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource

21st Century Communication: A Reference Handbook (Sage Reference Online)
21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook (Sage Reference Online)

World of Earth Science (Gale Virtual Reference Library) MeL Resource



Government Printing Office Monthly Catalog US Government Documents
CIA World Fact Book free US Government site
Statistical Abstract of the United States
US Federal Register free US Government site



ARTstor Artwork Image Database | How to Access ARTstor from Off Campus
Ad*Access Free database of Advertising Images
eMuseum Network  over 1.5 million objects from 50 institutions, mostly art and historical museums
flickr Commons Historic photographs from several public archives, including the Library of Congress, Smithsonian, etc.
French National Organisation of Art Museums Free database of art Images from French Museums
Getty Search Gateway -  search several Getty repositories, including collections databases, library catalogs, collection inventories, and archival finding aids.
Internet Archive Book Images - drawings and photos from books in the Internet Archive
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Catalog Free database with some free images
Newspaper Photo Morgues - US Newspapers
NYPL Digital Gallery Free database of Images from the New York Public Library
Shared Shelf Commons from ArtStor - free, open-access library of images.
University of Michigan Image Collections - 92 collections ranging from Art to Biology to History
U.S. Government Photos and Images - "Most of these images and graphics are available for use in the public domain, and they may be used and reproduced without permission or fee. However, some images may be protected by license. We strongly recommend you thoroughly read the disclaimers on each site before use."
Visual Collections: Images of Art, History, and Culture Mix of free and licensed image collections compiled by David Rumsey



Dictionary of Literary Biography
Poetry Criticism Online



A to Z Maps Online



Naxos Music Library Online library of thousands of tracks of predominantly classical music. - On Campus Access Only! -
Naxos Music Library Jazz Online library of thousands of tracks of Jazz. - On Campus Access Only! -


ONLINE TEXTS Free database of ebooks, with an emphasis on literature and reference
Columbia University Press  History books from Columbia University Press. Partnered with Project Gutenberg
Digi20 German site. 4,000+ digitized monographs of the second half of the 20th Century, mainly humanities & social sciences
ebooks @ Adelaide  Online books in the Public Domain, from the University of Adelaide
ebrary Academic Complete  academic ebooks collection (subscription resource)
eBook Collection  brought to you by MeL, Michigan Electronic Library (subscription resource)
Google Book Search mix of online books and book excerpts
HathiTrust Digital Library digital preservation and access services for public domain and in copyright content from Google, the Internet Archive, Microsoft, and partner institutions.
Harvard Open Collections
Humanities Text Initiative searchable online texts from the University of Michigan
Illinois Harvest about from the University of Illinois. Texts and documents in the public domain
Internet Archive Online Texts free access to a variety of texts, many older works in the public domain
National Academies Press  Collection of 4,000+ books available to download
Online Books Page free online texts, mainly in the Public Domain, from the University of Pennsylvania
Project Gutenberg Free database of ebooks in the Public Domain



Quotations (FT) free site, from, includes these works:

  • Bartlett, John. 1919. Familiar Quotations, 10th ed.
  • The Columbia World of Quotations. 1996.
  • Simpson’s Contemporary Quotations. 1988.
  • Respectfully Quoted: A Dictionary of Quotations. 1989.



Kalamazoo College Library Primary Sources Guide - links to many websites that provide primary sources

Godey's Lady's Book (1830-1845)
Kalamazoo Gazette Historical Full-text coverage of the weekly and daily versions of the Kalamazoo Gazette, 1837-1922.
Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000
Harper's Weekly (1857-1889)
New York Times (1851 to 3 years ago)
Salem History Online


REFERENCE Reference Collection free site, dictionaries, encyclopedias, works on literature and English usage, and more
Gale Virtual Reference Library (FT) MeL Resource



Bible, King James Version, from University of Michigan
Bible, Revised Standard Version, from the University of Michigan
The Judaica Press Complete Tanach with Rashi from
The Koran from the University of Virginia



ACS Style Guide online 2006 edition

Chicago Manual of Style Online

How to Cite Sources Guide - many useful how to websites


Global Road Warrior Country Info and Data Guide
Perseus Digital Library Free Database, Classics and the Ancient World
WorldCat Dissertations MeL resource